Worldwide distribution. On breadfruit, but also cocoa and coconut, papaya, rubber, and many more. An important disease.
A water mould, an oomycete, not a fungus. Spores are splashed by rain from soil onto lower fruit; later, spores on fruit spread in wind-driven rain. The spores are lemon shaped, and can be seen with a lens.
Cultural control: prune lower branches to prevent fruit infection; 'top' trees starting when young, keeping them between 3-4 m to facilitate management of the disease; apply mulch to prevent rain splash of spores onto lower fruit; avoid susceptible varieties (e.g., Puou in Samoa).