Bondi Junction NSW, Australia
Fact Sheets
2021-09-08T03:10:01.0820575Z
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Asian subterranean termite (384)
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds

Summary

  • Worldwide distribution. In Oceania, recorded from Fiji (Lautoka only), and French Polynesia (Marquesas Islands).
  • Damage: destructive, feeding on paper, clothes, living trees (preference) - mango, citrus, coconut, cassava. Mostly, lives underground.
  • Colonies are started by king and queen - queen laying 1000 eggs/day; eggs produce blind workers (dig tunnels, collect food, care for brood), and soldiers (large, defend colony, emit toxic substances); colonies up to 1 million.
  • Spread: (i) each year swarms of 'reproductive' occur and pairs of kings and queens seek new places to start colonies; (ii) colonies move long distances in e.g., wooden shipping pallets.
  • Cultural control: Fiji has eradication plan: surveys, containment, community surveillance (http://baf.com.fj/news/asian-subterranean-termites). Where established, measures needed concerning drainage, ventilation, treatment of timber, treatment of swarms.
  • Chemical control: Chemicals for preservation of timber; soil barriers to prevent termite invasions beneath houses; and monitoring baits, need be applied by professional pest control operators.

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