Widespread distribution. On figs (Ficus species), but also breadfruit. When severe, causes defoliation and young fruit fail to ripen.
Yellow spots on top of leaves, raised pustules below, reddish-brown, circular, 0.5 mm diamter. Spots may merge, and leaves may fall. Sometimes spots on fruit.
Spread by spore splash from one leaf to another, or between plants; over long distances, by wind.
Cultural control: prune to improve air movement, and drying of leaves; avoid overhead irrigation; avoid planting under shade; weed; avoid areas that flood or where there is free-standing water; provide adeqate nutrition; test varieties (e.g., breadfruit).