Bondi Junction NSW, Australia
Fact Sheets
Maize Fusarium kernel rot (224)
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds


  • Worldwide distribution. On maize, banana, pineapple, sorghum, rice (bakanae disease), sugarcane, and many more. An important disease.
  • Fungus develops in storage on cobs that have not been dried properly. Grey or pinkish-white growth covers the kernels. The grains become reddish-brown. Serious human and animal toxins develop affecting horses (damage to liver and nervous systems) and humans.
  • Spread of the spores is by wind and seed. 
  • Cultural control: tolerant varieties; adequate nutrition, and if possible irrigate during dry weather; control insect damage; harvest when mature and dry to 15% for cobs, and 13-15% for seed. Hygiene in storage: clean bins, and protect from insects.
  • Chemical control: use carboxin and thiram together.


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