Bondi Junction NSW, Australia
Fact Sheets
2021-09-08T03:13:53.7773969Z
   4
Maize boil smut (046)
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds

Summary

  • Worldwide distribution. On maize and sweet corn. A minor disease.
  • Spores from soil infect seedlings, grow inside and distort the ears, turning seeds into galls with millions of black spores. Smaller galls on leaves.
  • Spread long distances is by spores on wind and seed, but also on people, animals, fodder, and machinery.
  • Cultural control: do not replant on land where disease has occurred (spores stay alive for many years in soil); do not injure plants during cultivation; remove plants with signs of disease before galls burst; do not over fertilise plants; resistant varieties.
  • Chemical control: treat seed with carboxin or thiram.

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