Bondi Junction NSW, Australia
Fact Sheets
Pineapple wilt disease (380)
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds
Pacific Pests, Pathogens and Weeds


  • Worldwide distribution. In Oceania, Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, and viruses recorded in quarantine from American Samoa and Samoa. Known from pineapple and false pineapple (Pseudananus).
  • Damage: reddening (later pink), downward curling and tip dieback of leaves, and root collapse. Symptoms in young plants after 2-3 months; older plants after a year.
  • Spread: Pineapple mealybug wilt-associated viruses are spread by Dysmicoccus species. Complex disease: PMWaV-2 most important virus but feeding mealybugs necessary. Mealybugs spread by ants, wind, and in consignments of fruit and planting material.
  • Natural enemies: ladybird beetles and parasitoid wasps. Effective if ants controlled.
  • Biosecurity: fresh fruit subject to import risk analysis; propagating material quarantined and tested for pineapple viruses.
  • Cultural control: use plants freed from viruses (meristem culture or hot water 50°C for 30 mins), or select from fields with <10% disease. Avoid planting new crops next to old, or where disease present previously; plough around fields destroying ants' nests; weed around borders; remove infected plants.
  • Chemical control: dip crowns in white or horticultural oils; destroy ants with baits or use synthetic pyrethroids against ants and mealybugs.

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