Worldwide distribution. On potato, but also tomato, capsicum, and weeds in the potato family. It is related to the club root of brassicas (see Fact Sheet no. 283). An important disease.
Resting spores in the soil produce swimming spores which infect all underground parts. On tubers, wart-like, powdery, roughly circular 'scabs' 10 mm diam. on the surface, merging and containing resting spores. Dark galls 1-10 mm diam. on roots.
Disease reduces quality (and price), affects processing, and transfer a serious virus.
Spread occurs in soil on machinery, shoes, and via manure if cattle fed diseased tubers. Long distance spread on tubers for seed and trade.
Cultural control: disease free (certified) tubers; improve drainage; avoid fields where disease known to occur (spores last up to 10 years); do not use manure from animals fed diseased tubers; avoid excessive amounts of N; crop rotation for >3 years.